Timeline

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NOTE: Events in bold text are fictional.

January 1935

1: Italy merges its three African colonies of Tripoli, Cyrenaica, and the Fezzan to form Libya. Alabama beats Stanford in the Rose Bowl

4: President Roosevelt promises the government will provide jobs for the 3.5 million Americans on welfare.

6: In New York City, the 35th annual automobile show opens to record crowds. Pierre Laval becomes prime minister of France.

7: France and Italy sign a treaty to resolve their diff erences regarding territories in Africa.

8: Elvis Presley is born.

10: Mary Pickford divorces Douglas Fairbanks.

16: FBI agents kill “Ma” Barker and her son Fred in a shootout in Florida.

17: Based on the overwhelming results of a plebiscite, the League Of Nations votes to restore the Saar to Germany on March 1.

19: The Chinese Communists take Zunyi.

24: Mussolini dismisses the Italian cabinet.

30: Th e USSR increases the size of its army to 940,000.

February 1935

7: Argentina stops a rebellion in La Plata.

11: An exhibit of Mary Cassatt paintings opens in New York City. Italy mobilizes 35,000 troops for duty in Africa.

12: The US Navy’s last dirigible, the Macon, crashes off the coast of California, killing two.

13: A court finds Bruno Hauptmann guilty of the Lindbergh baby kidnapping/murder.

17: 31 inmates in an Oklahoma prison murder a guard and escape.

23: Paraguay leaves the League Of Nations.

26: In flagrant violation of the Treaty of Versailles, Adolf Hitler signs a secret decree creating the Luft waffe, or German Air Force, and naming Hermann Goering as its leader. The first working radar system is demonstrated in Great Britain.

March 1935

1: The Saar is returned to Germany.

3: King Prajadhipok abdicates the throne of Siam.

7: Malcolm Campbell sets a land speed record of 276.8 miles per hour in Florida.

10: Cuba institutes military rule to quell spreading strikes.

11: Greece stops a revolt.

13: 3,000 year-old archives said to confirm Biblical history are found in Jerusalem.

15: Federal agents arrest 2,000 racketeers in a series of surprise raids.

16: Germany renounces the Versailles Treaty, admits the existence of the Luft waffe, and institutes a military draft.

22: Persia renames itself Iran. Germany begins the world’s first public television broadcasting service, beating the BBC by several months.

23: In Moscow, an unmanned balloon sets an altitude record of 24.6 miles.

April 1935

2: An exhibit of the art of Thomas Hart Benton opens in New York City. Sir Robert Alexander Watson-Watt patents radar.

3: Ethiopia masses troops on the border with Italian Somaliland.

11: Severe dust storms hit the western US.

13: Commercial air service begins between Australia and London.

16: Pan Am begins air service from San Francisco to China.

21: An earthquake near Formosa kills 2,000, leaves 13,000 homeless.

24: An attempted army coup in Nicaragua fails.

25: The first around-the-world telephone call is made.

May 1935

4: Omaha wins the Kentucky Derby.

6: Great Britain celebrates King George VI’s Silver Jubilee.

11: President Roosevelt creates the Rural Electrification Administration to provide loans for installing electrical service in rural communities. In defiance of treaty, Germany fortifies Schleswig.

18: The world’s largest plane, the Maxim Gorky, crashes near Moscow, killing 49.

19: Czech Nazis win significant election victories. T.E. Lawrence, a.k.a. Lawrence of Arabia, dies of injuries received in a motorcycling accident.

25: In Ann Arbor, Michigan, Jesse Owens sets a long jump record of 26.5 feet, sets two sprint records, and ties a third record.

27: The US Supreme Court rules that the NRA is unconstitutional, leading to rejoicing on Wall Street and among Republicans. But as the NRA ends, the new Works Progress Administration (WPA), created on May 6, begins putting unemployed people to work.

30: Kelly Petillo wins the Indianapolis 500 with an average speed of 106.2 miles per hour. An earthquake hits Quetta in the Pakistan region, killing 26,000.

June 1935

1: Nine year-old lumber heir George Weyerhaeuser is freed by his captors upon payment of a $200,000 ransom; police continue to hunt the kidnappers. A tornado and floods kill 250 Nebraskans.

2: Babe Ruth retires with every Major League batting record and 714 career home runs.

3: Ethiopia attacks two Italian outposts. The French liner Normandie establishes a transatlantic speed record of 31.5 knots.

7: Stanley Baldwin becomes prime minister of Great Britain.

8: Omaha wins the Triple Crown.

10: Japan forces Nationalist China to remove one of its armies from northern China. Alcoholics Anonymous begins in New York City.

12: Paraguay and Bolivia agree to a 12-day truce.

19: President Roosevelt asks for a major inheritance tax.

July 1935

5: President Roosevelt signs the National Labor Relations Act (NLRA) which supports unions and creates a federal agency to investigate unfair employment practices.

8: Germany announces the construction of two battleships and 28 U-boats.

9: The Russians discover the torture chamber of Ivan the Terrible in Moscow.

14: In France, the leftist Popular Front holds massive demonstrations.

19: Oklahoma City becomes the first city to install parking meters; the charge is a nickel.

21: The Boulder Dam reservoir is now the largest man-made lake on Earth.

25: The Communist Third International (Comintern) meets in Moscow.

26: In New York, Communists raid the German liner Bremen; they tear the swastika off its flag and throw it into the river. Floods on the Blue River in China kill 200,000 people.

29: Th omas Dewey is sworn in as a special prosecutor to investigate organized crime in New York. T.E. Lawrence (Lawrence of Arabia) publishes Seven Pillars Of Wisdom.

August 1935

6: Italy mobilizes 300,000 soldiers.

13: 1,000 Italians die in a flood when a dam near Turin breaks.

14: President Roosevelt signs the Social Security Act.

16: Famed aviator Wiley Post and famed entertainer Will Rogers die in a plane crash in Alaska.

18: Italy rejects peace overtures and insists on control of all of Ethiopia.

23: President Roosevelt signs the Banking Act, which revamps the Federal Reserve System.

31: Eldridge Cleaver is born.

September 1935

3: A hurricane hits Florida, killing over 200 people. Malcolm Campbell sets a land speed record of 301.337 miles per hour.

8: Dr. Carl Weiss assassinates Senator Huey Long in Baton Rouge, Louisiana.

15: Germany passes the Nuremburg Decrees, which ban Jews from politics on the grounds they’re not German citizens, and forbid intermarriage or intercourse with Jews to prevent “racial pollution”. Germany adopts the swastika banner as its national flag. Howard Hughes sets an air speed record of 352.46 miles per hour.

17: Quezon wins the first presidential election in the Philippines.

30: Italy sends 30,000 soldiers to Africa.

October 1935

2: Italy invades Ethiopia. On the 3rd, it bombs several towns, killing 1,700 Ethiopians. By the end of the month Italian forces have advanced deep into Italy. The League Of Nations condemns the attack and places an arms embargo on Italy; the US does the same.

7: The Detroit Tigers beat the Chicago Cubs in the World Series.

10: The Greek monarchy is restored. George Gershwin’s Porgy And Bess opens in New York City.

20: The Chinese Communists reach Yenan, ending the Long March.

23: Painter Charles Demuth dies.

Murder Inc. attempts but fail to kill Dutch Schultz at the Palace Chop House in Newark, NJ to prevent him from trying to kill prosecutor Thomas Dewey. This begins a month long gang war between Shultz and Luciano’s criminal faction. In a final bloody shootout Shultz kills Luciano and Meyer Lansky and wounds “Bugsy” Segal, Shultz is critically wounded. He lingers for two days before dying, uttering a long, cryptic statement that’s fascinated conspiracy theorists and devotees of the weird ever since. At nearly the same time as the Schultz killing, violent Jewish mobster Louis “Pretty” Amberg is killed, either by Schultz’s or Luciano’s men. Dewey makes numerous arrests in the aftermath, crippling organized crime in the United States.

31: Premier Wang Ching-wei of China is assassinated.

November 1935

2: Czechoslovakia arrests 28 alleged German spies.

9: John L. Lewis becomes leader of the new Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO). Japan invades Shanghai.

12: A 700-man strong Texas mob lynches two blacks accused of murder.

13: Cairo experiences anti-British riots that result in two deaths.

25: George II becomes king of Greece.

27: Japanese troops move into Peking and Tientsin provinces.

30: A pro-Japanese coup takes over northern China. Italy continues its invasion of Ethiopia.

December 1935

1: Woody Allen is born. Chiang Kai-shek becomes president of China. Italy continues its invasion of Ethiopia. An army of 60,000 Ethiopian soldiers forces 40,000 Italian troops to retreat in the south.

6: TWA begins featuring “air hostesses” on its 14-passenger DC-2 flights.

11: The Frick Gallery opens in New York City.

21: The DC-3, with a 21-passenger capacity, makes its first flight. The first color film for home use is marketed.

23: The Lindbergh family moves to Great Britain.

27: 27 Americans die due to severe cold weather.

31: Sandy Koufax is born.

Other/General:

Germany intensifi es its repression of the Jews.

Boeing demonstrates the B-17 bomber, the first all-metal, four-engine, low-wing monoplane.

Imperial Chemical Industries of Great Britain creates polyethylene, the fi rst true plastic.

The Richter Scale is developed to measure earthquake intensity.

In Great Britain, the first commercial electron microscope becomes available.

Gerhard Domagk of Germany creates Prontosil, the fi rst sulfa drug.

The world’s longest bridge, over the lower Zambezi River, opens.

Dempster discovers uranium-235.

Louis “Two-Gun” Alterie, a vicious former member of Dion O’Bannion’s gang, makes the mistake of returning to Chicago, where he’s killed.

Eliot Ness becomes Public Safety Director of Cleveland and spends the next six years cleaning up the notoriously corrupt city.

The government renames the Bureau of Investigation as the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). At the same time it merges the Department of Justice’s Division of Investigation with the FBI.

Notable literature of the year: Tortilla Flat, by John Steinbeck; Studs Lonigan, by James Farrell; National Velvet, by Enid Bagnold; Of Time And The River, by Thomas Wolfe.

Notable films of the year: Mutiny On The Bounty, starring Charles Laughton and Clark Gable; Captain Blood, starring Errol Flynn; A Night At The Opera, starring the Marx Bros.; Top Hat, starring Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers; The Bride Of Frankenstein, starring Elsa
Lanchester; Triumph Of The Will, by Leni Riefenstahl.

Benny Goodman popularizes swing music.

The first Heisman Trophy is awarded.

Krueger Beer introduces the first canned beer.

The rumba becomes popular.

Bingo first appears, and soon becomes popular around the US despite the fact that some critics decry it as “gambling”.

Max Factor opens a gigantic beauty salon in Hollywood.

IBM introduces its electric typewriter.

Congress creates the Shenandoah National Park.

Chain letter schemes fi rst begin in the US.

Moscow opens its subway.

Heinrich Himmler, leader of the Nazi SS, begins the Lebensborn (“life source”) program to breed an “Aryan super race, encouraging “pure blooded” young women to marry SS offi cers and produce lots of blonde, blue-eyed, thin-lipped, narrow nosed babies.
The US establishes Fort Knox in Kentucky to hold its gold reserves (though the Federal Reserve Bank in New York City, which holds many foreign reserves, actually has more gold).

Secretary of Agriculture Henry Wallace convinces the Treasury Department to put the Great Pyramid on the new $1 bill .

Explorer Eric Shipton tries, and fails, to climb Mt. Everest.

Timeline

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